Morocco’s local energy production grew by 4.1 percent in the very first quarter of the year 2022, compared to 0.8 percent the year before. According to recent data from the DTFE (Treasury and External Finance), this improvement was attributable to a 19.9% increase in renewable energy output and a 34.4 percent increase in power production from the National Electricity Office.
The surge occurred despite Algeria’s decision to terminate the Maghreb-Europe gas pipeline, which supplied power units in Tahaddart Ain Bni Matar. Algeria’s administration declared on October 31, 2021, that it would not extend a long-running gas pipeline deal that saw Algerian gas transit via Morocco on its route to Spain. The pipeline brought gas to Spain via Morocco, with a portion of the fuel and earnings going to Rabat.
The government of Tebboune mentioned diplomatic tensions and its conflict with Morocco as the primary reasons for not renewing the contract. Algeria supplies gas to Spain, albeit through the Medgaz pipeline, which has a lesser capacity. Algeria’s government, on the other hand, has threatened to terminate the gas deal with Spain if Madrid sells Algerian gas to Morocco.
Spain’s decision to shift its foreign policy stance on the Western Sahara territory, recognizing Morocco’s Autonomy Plan as one of the most serious and realistic solutions to the problem, prompted the Algerian threats.
In response to Algeria’s threats, Spain’s energy ministry stated that the European country “restricted itself to reacting to the request for assistance voiced by its ally, Morocco, to maintain its security of supply on the basis of economic agreements between the two countries.”
In essence, Spain will lend its LNG ports and facilities to enable Morocco to import natural gas in a liquefied form. Morocco will be permitted to purchase liquefied natural gas on the global market and “unload it in a peninsular regasification facility” under the terms of the deal.
Morocco has stated that the suspension of pipeline delivery had no effect on the local market. Morocco has earned a reputation as a climate leader. Renewable energy accounts for about half of the country’s electrical capacity, certain fossil fuel subsidies have been phased out, and the country is home to some of the globe’s largest clean energy projects. The country has been praised for its efforts to reduce carbon emissions.
Although the country’s reputation is well-deserved, it still confronts serious problems, since its location in a warming hotspot renders it vulnerable to climate change’s effects. Even as it works to reduce its reliance on fossil fuels, its energy needs are rapidly increasing.
Despite these obstacles, Morocco has tremendous natural potential for solar, wind, and hydropower production and has taken substantial steps to realize it. Morocco’s national climate change action dates back to the mid-2000s when the government decided to be a regional leader in renewable power and to accelerate huge renewables projects. According to Mohamed Alaoui, Africa Climate Solutions managing director, a consultancy firm based in Casablanca, the country’s authorities gambled on these huge transitions as a strategy to be economically competitive in the future, as well as to minimize dependence on fossil fuel imports and maintain energy supply security.